Tuberculosis (TB) remains a significant global health concern, affecting millions of people each year. The causes of tuberculosis are numerous and the importance of screening for early detection and prevention cannot over-emphasized. That is why it is important for collaboration between non-governmental organizations (NGOs), the government, and university communities should be explored to effectively combat TB.
Tuberculosis is primarily caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The infection spreads through the air when individuals with active TB cough, sneeze, or even speak, releasing infectious droplets into the environment. Factors contributing to the spread of TB include overcrowded living conditions, poor ventilation, weakened immune systems, and inadequate access to healthcare and treatment. Individuals with HIV/AIDS, diabetes, or malnutrition are particularly vulnerable to TB.
To combat the deadly disease, the exercise which was sponsored by the University management ably led by Professor Balikis Lafiaji-Okuneye, was conducted by health officials from the Epe Local Government in conjunction with Damien Foundation. The University community in Epe Campus on Thursday 25th May 2023 heaved a sigh of relief as several members of staff and students of Lagos State University of Education besieged the University Health Center for TB screening.
This news medium reports that the beneficiaries of the free medical mission took turns accessing the medical screening for registration and further screening for tuberculosis (TB). The exercise was applauded by the beneficiaries, who described the process as seamless and fast.
It is worth noting that Tuberculosis screening plays a vital role in reducing the transmission and burden of the disease. Early detection through screening allows for prompt treatment initiation, which not only improves individual outcomes but also helps prevent further transmission within communities.
Screening methods include chest X-rays, tuberculin skin tests, and more advanced techniques such as GeneXpert testing. Identifying latent TB infections and providing preventive treatment is equally crucial, as it reduces the risk of progression to active TB.